Relationship between Lifestyle and Hypertension in the Elderly at Puskesmas Andalas Padang West Sumatera

Authors

  • Michel Hafiq Alifah Health Science Collage
  • Radian Ilmaskal Alifah Health Science Collage
  • Wilda Tri Yuliza Alifah Health Science Collage

Keywords:

Elderly, Hypertension, Lifestyle

Abstract

The prevalence of hypertension in the elderly nationally reached 25,16% in 2019. The incidence of hypertension is related to the lifestyle of the elderly. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between lifestyle and the incidence of hypertension in the elderly at Puskesmas Andalas. This type of research is quantitative with a crosectional study method. This research was conducted in March - August 2023 with a population of all elderly people visiting the Puskesmas Andalas Kota Padang. The sample in this study was 96 elderly people who were taken using accidental sampling technique with the research instrument used was a questionnaire. Analysis was carried out univariate and bivariate using the chi-square statistical test. The results showed that 51.0% of the elderly had a negative diet, 74.0% of the elderly had light physical activity and 55.2% of the elderly did not have a smoking habit. There is a relationship between diet (p value = 0.031) and physical activity (p value = 0.040) with the incidence of hypertension in the elderly. While smoking habits do not have a significant relationship with the incidence of hypertension in the elderly at Puskesmas Andalas (p value = 0.379). Diet and physical activity affect the incidence of hypertension in the elderly. It is expected that the Puskesmas Andalas needs to carry out health promotion and education to the elderly about the elderly lifestyle, especially diet and physical activity to minimize the incidence of hypertension in the elderly.

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Published

2024-02-29